General carpet information
General carpet information Page
Iranians tried to make carpets thousands of years ago, in the second millennium BC were managed to discover how to make yarn and ropes, the result of which is the texture of carpet and other arts. The evidence of this historical event can be found in the Marlik graves, Kuti castle in Dilman and Hasanlu near Urmia.
During the history, Iranians were able to gain a high level of skill in the field of carpet production, and this was the result of the fact that Persian hand-woven carpets became famous throughout the world. Gradually, with the advent of the industry and the mechanized human life, the carpet has been also no exception to this, and this art has also changed from hand-made into machine made. Although along with the machinability of this story, Iranian handcuffs still have their own enthusiasts. The history of carpet in Iran dates back to the early 1950s, when the first carpet was woven by the Jacquard Machine with a short lint and light weight in velvet and silk factories of Kashan. Simultaneous with this, some merchants imported carpets of the same quality and style into Iran, and this was how the taste of the people of Iran became familiar with machine made carpet.
In order to welcome the public from the carpet, the Behshahr industrial group also started producing machine carpets with Kashan Industries factories, which were similar in design and its yarn of wool was widely welcomed.
Machinery are machines of various types, including Toccime, Van De Wiele, Schonherr and ... and yarn of carpets are acrylic and BCF or a mixture of these two types or new fibers of synthetic silk (polyester).
Artificial silk rugs are recognized as the best flooring because of their easy washing and brilliant color and, most importantly, lint free in the global markets. But acrylic carpets have higher quality and price. The carpets are divided by reeds (the number of knots in width) to 350, 440, 500, 700, 1000, 1200 and 1500, and their density (number of nodes in length) is from 700 to 4500.
Janan carpet has been considered the taste of all addressee in the direction of the customer orientation, and has been being produced and supplied acrylic and artificial silk carpets.
Carpet in Kashan
Kashan is the capital of Iran's machine made carpet, because more than 700 manufacturing units are active in the field of carpet. After Kashan, the cities of Aran and Bidgol, Mashhad, Delijan and ... are the leaders of manufacturing of carpet. Janan carpet has been one of the activists in this field for several years.
But the components of machine made carpet
Classic carpets have a flower at the center of the carpet, called Medallion, which is reminiscent of old houses and they are circular, oval, and spin in some carpets. The flowers around medallion are called crest. Four triangles in the four corners of the carpet are corners. The frame around the carpet is called border. The corners are inspired from medallion with a series of additional components that complete it.
You can see this sample of carpet in part of the classical carpet of Janan.
Modern carpets are inspired by the lifestyle of modernity, in which they do not have corner and medallion, and often have a simple appearance with a bright, opaque color, and the structures are often without repetition.
You can see this type of carpet in the parts of vicroun's carpets and the modern of website.